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California Oil Refinery History


Note: Information for some refineries about start-up date and ownership prior to 1981 is not available.

Refineries highlighted in yellow are currently operational. Light blue indicates re-refiner.

This chart is also available to download as an Excel spreadsheet. Current as of June 2015.

California Refinery Facilities Began Operations Ownership InformationCurrent Crude Capacity
(Barrels/Day)1
Anchor Refining, McKittrick Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Anchor Refining: 1981-1984 
Alon USA Energy, Inc., Bakersfield Refinery (Suspended Since 2012)1932Mohawk Petroleum Corp: 1932-1975
Reserve Oil & Gas Co: 1975-1980
Getty Oil Co: 1980-1984
Texaco, Inc: 1984-2000
Equilon: 2000-2001
Shell Oil Co: 2001-2005
Big West of Calif. (Flying J): 2005-June 2010
Alon USA Energy Inc: June 2010-Present
66,000
Alon USA Energy Inc/ Edgington Oil Company, Long Beach Refinery
(Suspended Since 2012)
1932Apex Oil Co: 1932-1941
Edgington Oil Co: 1941-2006
Alon USA Energy Inc: 2006-Present
70,000
Chemoil Refining Corporation, Signal Hill Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981MacMillan Ring-Free Oil Co: 1981-1988
Chemoil Refining Co: 1988-1994
 
Chevron, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed)1913Standard Oil Co: 1913-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-1986
 
Chevron, El Segundo Refinery1912Standard Oil Co: 1912-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-2001
ChevronTexaco Corp: 2001-2005
Chevron Corp: 2005-Present
269,000
Chevron, Richmond Refinery1902Pacific Coast Oil: 1902-1906
Standard Oil Co: 1906-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-2001
ChevronTexaco Corp: 2001-2005
Chevron Corp: 2005-Present
245,271
Conoco (formerly Fletcher), Paramount Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Conoco: 1981-198346,500
DeMenno/Kerdoon, Compton Refinery
(Reprocesses Waste Oil as Oil Re-Refiner)
Prior to 1981DeMenno/Kerdoon: 1981-1984 
Eco Petroleum, Signal Hill Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981ECO Petroleum: 1981-198411,000
ExxonMobil, Torrance Refinery1907Vacuum Oil Co: 1907-1929
General Petroleum Corporation of Calif: 1929-1931
Socony-Vacuum Corp: 1931-1934
Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, Inc: 1934-1955
Socony Mobil Oil Co: 1955-1966
Mobil Oil Corp: 1966-2000
ExxonMobil: 2000-Present
149,500
Fletcher Oil & Refining, Wilmington Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Fletcher Oil & Refining: 1981-1991 
Gibson Oil & Refining, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Gibson Oil & Refining: 1981-1986 
Golden Bear, Oildale Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Witco Chemical Corp: 1981-1997
Golden Bear: 1997-2001
 
Golden Eagle Refining, Carson Refinery (Closed)1947Sunset Oil: 1947-1958
Golden Eagle Refining: 1958-1984
16,500
Golden Eagle Refining, Hanford Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Golden Eagle Refining: 1981-1985 
Golden West Refining Company, Santa Fe Springs Refinery (Refinery Closed in 1992, Continued Operating as a Terminal Until 1997)1936Wilshire Oil Co: 1936-1960
Gulf Oil Corp USA: 1960-1983
Golden West Refining Co: 1983-1997
 
Greka Energy, Santa Maria Asphalt Refinery1935Conoco: 1981-1992
Saba Petroleum Co: 1995-1999
Greka Energy: 1999-Present
9,500
Independent Valley Energy Company (IVEC), Bakersfield Refinery
(Became part of Big West Refinery)
1982Independent Valley Energy Co: 1982-1987 
Kern Oil & Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery1934El Tejon Oil & Refinign Co: 1934-1943
Kreiger Oil Co: 1943-1945
Douglas Oil Co: 1945-1962
Continental Oil: 1962-1966
Edgington Oil/Signal Oil & Gas: 1966-1971
Kern County Refinery Inc. (Charter Oil Co.): 1971-1976
Kern County Refinery Inc. (Privately Held): 1976-1982
Kern Oil & Refining Co: 1982-Present
26,000
Lunday Thagard Oil Company, South Gate Refinery1937Lunday Thagard Oil Co: 1937-Present8,500
Marlex Oil & Refining Company, Long Beach Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Marlex Oil & Refining Co: 1981-198419,000
Newhall Refining Company / Pauley Petroleum Inc, Santa Clarita Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Newhall Refining Co: 1981-1989 
Pacific Refining, Hercules Refinery (Closed)
Ceased refinery operations August, 1995.
Continued limited storage and terminal operations until 1997.
1967Sequoia Refining Corp: 1967-1968
Gulf Oil Corp USA: 1968-1976
Pacific Refining: 1976-1997
50,000
Paramount Petroleum Corporation, Paramount Refinery1930sAjax Oil Company: 1930s-1937
Kreiger Oil Co: 1937-1940s
Douglas Oil Co: 1940s-1961
Continental Oil Company (Conoco): 1961-1982
Pacific Oasis, Inc: 1982-1984
Paramount Petroleum Corp: 1984-2006
Alon USA Energy Inc: 2006-Present
84,500
Phillips 66, Rodeo Refinery1896Union Oil Co of Calif: 1896-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
120,200
Phillips 66, Santa Maria Refinery1955Union Oil Co of Calif: 1955-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
41,800
Phillips 66, Wilmington Refinery1917Union Oil Co of Calif: 1917-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
139,000
Powerine Oil Company, Santa Fe Springs Refinery (Closed)
Ceased refinery operations early July, 1995.
CENCO was offering the refinery equipment for sale, as of April 2007.
1934Rothschild Oil Co/Powerine Oil Co: 1934-1984
Powerine Oil Co: 1986-1993
Castle Energy Corp: 1993-1995
Kenyen Resources: 1995-1996
Energy Merchant Corp: 1996-1998
Creative Energy Company (CENCO): 1998-Present
Closed bankruptcy: 1984-1986
46,500
San Joaquin Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery1969San Joaquin Refining Co: 1969-Present15,000
Shell Oil Products US, Carson Refinery (Closed)1923Shell Company of Calif: 1923-1939
Shell Oil Company, Inc: 1939-1949
Shell Oil Co: 1949-1992
 
Shell Oil Products US, Martinez Refinery1915Shell Company of Calif: 1915-1939
Shell Oil Company, Inc: 1939-1949
Shell Oil Co: 1949-1998
Equilon Enterprises (joint venture of Shell Oil Co. & Texaco Inc.): 1998-2002
Shell Oil Co: 2002-Present
156,400
Sunland Refining Corporation, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed - Ceased Operations March 1995)Prior to 1929Sunland Refining Corp: 1929-December 199512,000
Tenby Incorporated, Oxnard Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981Tenby Inc: 1981-December 2011 
Tesoro, Carson Refinery1938Richfield Oil Corp: 1938-1966
Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO): 1966-2000
BP West Coast Products: 2000-2013
Tesoro: June 2012 - Present
257,300
Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co., Golden Eagle Refinery, Martinez/Avon1913Associated Oil Co: 1913-1937
Tidewater Associated Oil Co: 1937-1966
Phillips Petroleum: 1966-1976
Tosco Corp: 1976-2000
Ultramar Diamond Shamrock: 2000-2002
Valero Refining Co: 2002
Tesoro Refining: 2002-Present
166,000
Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co., Wilmington Refinery1923California Petroleum Corp: 1923-1928
Texas Company: 1928-1959
Texaco, Inc: 1959-1998
Equilon Enterprises (joint venture of Shell Oil Co. & Texaco Inc.): 1998-2002
Shell Oil Co: 2002-2007
Tesoro Corp: 2007-Present (Sale to complete 2nd quarter 2007)
104,500
Tosco, Bakersfield Refinery (Became Part of Big West Refinery)Prior to 1981Tosco Corp: 1981-1984 
Ultramar Oil, Hanford Refinery (Closed)1931HH Bell Refinery Co. 1931-1932
Caminol Oil Co: 1932-1967
Beacon Oil Co: 1967-1982
Ultramar Oil Co: 1982-1987
17300
USA Petrochem Corporation, Ventura Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981USA Petrochem Corp: 1981-198427,900
Valero, Benicia Asphalt Refinery (Part of Valero Benicia Refinery)1982Huntway Refining: 1982-2001
Valero Refining Co: 2001-Present
145,000
Valero, Benicia Refinery1968Exxon Co USA: 1968-2000
Valero Refining Co: 2000-Present
Valero, Wilmington Asphalt RefineryPrior to 1981Huntway Refining: 1981-2001
Valero Refining Co: 2001-Present
6,300
Valero, Wilmington Refinery1969Champlin Petroleum Co: 1969-1987
Union Pacific Resources Co: 1987-1988
Ultramar Refining: 1988-1997
Ultramar Diamond Shamrock: 1997-2002
Valero Refining Co: 2002-Present
85,000
West Coast Oil Company, Oildale Refinery (Closed)Prior to 1981West Coast Oil Co: 1981-1988 

Source: Compiled by California Energy Commission Transportation Energy Office

Notes: 1 Atmospheric crude oil distillation processing capacity as measured in barrels per calendar day - source: Energy Information Agency - Refinery Capacity Report